Nuclear

The region has a significant amount of nuclear capacity installed of 114 GW, as well as uranium resources estimated at 824,000 tonnes and production at 11,000 tU per year.

The United States is the world’s largest producer of nuclear power, accounting for more than 30% of worldwide nuclear generation of electricity. The country’s 100 nuclear reactors produced 797 billion kWh in 2014, over 19% of total electrical output. There are now 99 units operable and 5 under construction with commissioning expected by 2020. Almost all the US nuclear generating capacity comes from reactors built between 1967 and 1990. Currently, Southern Company in Georgia has two units under construction, Plant Vogtle 3 and 4 (APWRs) and it will be the first nuclear power generator in 30 years. Also, Scana Corporation has two units under construction in South Carolina. Tennessee Valley Authority has just completed Watts Bar Unit 2 and is expected to start commercial operation in summer 2016. Watts Bar Unit 2, can produce 1,150 MWe of continuous electricity and combined with Unit 1, who produce the same amount of MWe, this is enough to supply about 1.3 million homes daily. In terms of uranium resources, the country’s estimates in 2014 were 17,425 tU at a maximum forward cost of up to US$ 80 per kilogram, 62 890 tU at a maximum cost of US$ 130/kgU and 138,204 tU at the maximum cost of US$ 260/kgU. The uranium mines produced in 2013 1,761 tU, 6% more than in 2012. In 2014, they produced 1,889 tU, 7% more than in 2013. Production in 2014 was from ten mines (underground and ISR) and the White Mesa Mill. Eight underground mines produced ore containing uranium during 2014, one more than during 2013.

Canada generates about 17% (104 TWh) of electricity from nuclear power from 19 nuclear reactors, with the highest share in Ontario province that provides about 13.5 GW of power capacity. Canada has cancelled plans for new reactors but is planning to maintain its existing nuclear capacity by a programme of refurbishment that will extend the life of some current reactors into the 2050s, which will allow a phase out of the use of coal. Two reactors have been planned in Ontario of 750 MWe each to be developed by OPG utility, one in New Brunswick of 1,100 MWe to be developed by New Brunswick Power, and one in Alberta of capacity between 3,200 and 4,400 MWe to be developed by Bruce Power Alberta. Uranium resources are currently produced only in the northern Saskatchewan where large high-grade deposits were discovered in the Athabasca Basin. The country’s total identified conventional uranium resources recoverable at a cost of

Regional Identified Uranium Resources

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Production and electricity generation

Electricity Generation907thousand GWh per year

Nuclear Installed Capacity114GW

Uranium Production11thousand tonnes per year

Identified Uranium Resources824thousand tonnes

(at < US $260 / kg U)

Identified Uranium Resources by region

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Nuclear Installed Capacity by region

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Identified Uranium Resources by country

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Nuclear Installed Capacity by country

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Top Uranium producing countries

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Top electricity generating countries

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