Canada

Index rank 07

Balance Score

AAC

Energy Trilemma Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2013  2014  2015  Trend Score
Energy Performance  8  4  9   
Energy Security  1  1  1  A
Energy Equity  2  2  2  A
Environmental Sustainability  60  56  71  C
         
Contextual Performance  14  14  15   
Political Strength  10  10  10   
Societal Strength  10  14  14   
Economic Strength  46  27  29   
         
Overall Rank  6  6  7  AAC
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 28.2
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy exporter) 1.41
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.41
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) 0.10
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 43,590 (I)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.19
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 15.33
Population Access to Electricity (%) 100.0
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Index Commentary

Canada ranks 7 in the overall Index ranking. Although one of the top Index performers overall, Canada�s weaker environmental sustainability ranking continues to undermine its otherwise excellent performance. Canada, one of the largest energy exporters in the world, ranks exceptionally well on the energy security dimension with a favorable energy export to import ratio, a significantly diversified electricity generation portfolio away from fossil fuels and a low economic dependency on fuel exports. Energy equity is also high with plentiful, relatively affordable energy. Environmental sustainability remains Canada�s weakest energy dimension with comparatively high, although decreasing levels of energy and emission intensity, and a higher reliance on energy-intensive resource development industries than most industrialised countries. Contextual performance is stable and strong.

Trends and Outlook

Canada�s high and improving position in the Index reflects the country�s extensive and diverse energy resource base and public and private commitment to develop those resources. The two main challenges Canada faces are: balancing resource development with environmental protection; and developing diverse markets for Canada�s energy resources.

The most recent energy policy developments include: strong focus on developing markets for oil and gas beyond North America; a faster energy infrastructure approvals process; more stringent environmental standards for fossil-fuelled power generation, both federally and provincially. These three developments should support continuing improvement in Canada�s energy balance.

The three key issues policymakers need to focus on are: 1) managing the environmental/climate impacts of energy resource development; 2) market diversification; and 3) ensuring an appropriate sharing of the benefits from resource development, most notably with Canada�s aboriginal population in whose traditional territory most resource development and delivery projects are being developed.