India

Index rank 122

Balance Score

CDD

Energy Trilemma Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2012  2013  2014  Trend Score
Energy Performance  124  124  122   
Energy Security  86  76  76  C
Energy Equity  110  110  105  D
Environmental Sustainability  123  121  123  D
         
Contextual Performance  77  76  90   
Political Strength  97  93  103   
Societal Strength  80  80  84   
Economic Strength  54  54  77   
         
Overall Rank  117  115  122  CDD
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 25.8
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.70
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.46
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) 0.05
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 3,900 (IV)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.19
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 1.54
Population Access to Electricity (%) 75.0
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Index Commentary

India drops seven places in the overall Index rankings. India has a stronger energy security performance, followed by a weaker energy equity result and a very poor performance on the environmental sustainability dimension. From an energy security standpoint, there are no notable changes except for further efforts to diversify the electricity generation mix. Energy infrastructure remains unstable with transmission and distribution losses – technical and non-technical – equal to 23% of electricity generated. Energy equity performance is still low. High gasoline prices and expensive electricity means that only 75% of the population has access to electricity. India�s environmental sustainability ranking continues to be its weakest, with air and water quality and CO2 emissions from electricity generation remaining large challenges for the rapidly-developing country. Contextual performance slightly deteriorates across the board, with economic strength still ranking as India�s best contextual dimension.

Trends and Outlook

India faces the twin challenges of fuelling the energy needs of an economy that needs to grow to eradicate poverty, while at the same time also remaining aware of the need to mitigate the impact on the environment.

Following the Integrated Energy Policy developed by the Planning Commission in 2006, India committed itself to ensure the sustainability of its energy system. A number of programmes are in place to implement the targets. For example: the Renewable Purchase Obligations ensures that utilities procure a certain quantity of electricity from renewable resources; the National solar mission aims to add 25,000 MW of utility-scale solar capacity by 2020; the Perform, Achieve and Trade scheme is a domestic cap and trade mechanism that aims at energy conservation in energy-intensive industries which account for 90% of all energy consumption in the country; the Accelerated Power Development and Reform program that focuses on the reduction of technical and commercial losses by electricity utilities.

The challenges policymakers need to focus on are: 1) ensuring cost recovery in hydrocarbon sector to phase out subsides; 2) pushing for reforms in the coal sector to increase investment to keep pace with the impressive growth in the power generation sector; 3) continuing investments in the development of renewable energy sources; 4) developing a culture of professionalism and efficiency in the electricity distribution utilities so as to ensure that the efficiency gains made are not negated by continued technical and commercial losses; and 5) tackling the distorted retail level electricity tariffs.