India

Index rank 107

Balance Score

BDD

Energy Trilemma Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2013  2014  2015  Trend Score
Energy Performance  124  122  109   
Energy Security  76  76  53  B
Energy Equity  110  105  104  D
Environmental Sustainability  121  123  122  D
         
Contextual Performance  76  90  90   
Political Strength  93  103  104   
Societal Strength  80  84  87   
Economic Strength  54  77  69   
         
Overall Rank  115  122  107  BDD
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 24.2
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.67
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.34
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) n.a.
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 5,456 (IV)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.14
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 1.61
Population Access to Electricity (%) 79.0
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Index Commentary

India gains 15 places in the overall Index rankings. India has a stronger energy security performance, followed by a weaker energy equity result and a very poor performance on the environmental sustainability dimension. Energy security improves, driven by updated data points, underlying the indicator for energy consumption in relation to GDP growth. Energy infrastructure becomes more stable as transmission and distribution losses are reduced. Energy equity performance is still low with only 79% of the population having access to electricity. The emerging economy faces environmental challenges such as high CO2 emissions from electricity generation. Contextual performance is fairly stable, with economic strength India�s best contextual dimension, slowly improving.

Trends and Outlook

India faces challenges on all three dimensions of the energy trilemma. The National Action Plan for Climate Change (NAPCC) provides a road map for sustainable development). The National Institution for Transforming India, which has taken over from the Planning Commission, has the mandate to design strategic and long-term policy frameworks and is working on a new Integrated Energy Policy (IEP) to develop a new road map for developing energy security to support equitable growth.

Recent policy developments include: 1) a target 175 GW of renewable power generation by 2022, of which 100 GW is through solar; 2) carbon taxation through coal cess; 3) the Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDGJY) scheme overseeing rural electrification (village electrification has reached 97%); 4) the deregulation of petroleum products, and introduction of targeted subsidies through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) for LPG; 5) the allocation of coal block through auctions; and 6) the completion of the first cycle of a Perform, Achieve and Trade (PAT) scheme to facilitate industrial investment in energy efficiency through trading of energy savings certificates, covering 90% of total industrial sector energy consumption.

The challenges policymakers need to focus on are: 1) reviving the distribution sector financially and operationally; 2) developing an easier exploration policy for the allocation of hydrocarbon blocks; 3) expanding modern energy access; and 4) integrating large renewable capacity, both planned and under development.