The Côte d'Ivoire National Committee aims to promote sustainable energy development in Côte d'Ivoire, as a part of the World Energy Council’s energy vision. As a member of the World Energy Council network, the organisation is committed to representing Côte d'Ivoire's national perspective within national, regional and global energy debates. The committee includes a variety of members to ensure that the diverse energy interests of Côte d'Ivoire are appropriately represented. Members of the committee are invited to attend high-level events, participate in energy-focused study groups, contribute to technical research and be a part of the global energy dialogue.
Energy in Cote d'Ivoire
Comparing 2019 and 2020 results, Côte d’Ivoire’s energy leaders have shifted their main uncertainties from Economic Growth and Market Design to Commodity and Electricity Prices. Greater uncertainty is also perceived around LNG and Energy Access. Action Priorities build on reduced uncertainty towards Economic Growth, with a focus on Energy Subsidies, Energy Efficiency and Hydro.
Electricity Prices are perceived with increased uncertainty and impact. The government faces the challenge of adjusting electricity prices to balance increased demand with the cost of supplying energy to domestic and commercial users. Uncertainty stems from the fact that the financial stability of the energy sector is tied to electricity pricing. This often leads to challenges to secure investments which are needed to adjust capacity to increased energy demand.
Energy Access enters the Critical Uncertainties section. Although 92% of urban areas have access to electricity, only 38% of rural areas do, according to World Bank data. High upfront costs of grid connection reduce the number of households with access, even where the grid is available. The government is currently focused on grid and off-grid access expansion. It has also adopted a National Development Plan to add 4GW of capacity by 2030. Progress towards this goal includes the World Bank’s Scaling Solar Program, which will finance two utility-scale solar projects with a combined generation capacity of 60 MW.
LNG is also seen with much greater impact and uncertainty. In 2016, a consortium led by Total was formed to build an LNG import terminal to feed growing demand. In 2019, the 275MW Soubré hydro plant was inaugurated, providing additional capacity at a lower cost than gas power. However, there is uncertainty about the availability of supply and the commercial viability of LNG in the country.
Economic Growth appears with reduced uncertainty and becomes an Action Priority. Economic growth and electricity demand are projected to continue expanding, while energy remains a crucial element in Côte d’Ivoire’s development strategies. Capacity expansion, energy mix diversification and LNG imports are some of the main actions being taken. The country currently exports electricity to the West African Power Pool and aims to increase export levels to neighbouring Burkina Faso, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.
Energy Subsidies continue to be seen as an Action Priority. Presently, more than 46% of the country’s population live below the poverty line. Domestic electricity and butane gas prices are subsidised for low income households. The price has been cut by 20% since early 2019. The government aims to increase gas penetration in low income households to replace wood heating and cooking.
Energy Efficiency also remains an Action Priority with increased impact. The Ivorian government has set a target of 16% renewables share in the energy mix by 2030 (excluding big hydro) and to reduce energy consumption in industry by 25% in 2030. Principal measures taken to achieve this include the promotion of energy efficient appliances, the use of renewables in commercial and domestic uses and the development of green infrastructure. Finally, the overhaul of the distribution and transmission network, coupled with new thermal energy generation, will help to reduce grid power losses.
Although Côte d’Ivoire power sector faces many challenges, including a poor transmission and distribution grid, soaring energy demands, gas shortages and an overreliance on an unreliable power source, it has been one of the most investor friendly countries in the sub-Saharan region. The government has actively sought to create a clear and robust legislative framework for private investment.