The Nigeria National Committee aims to promote sustainable energy development in Nigeria, as a part of the World Energy Council’s energy vision. As a member of the World Energy Council network, the organisation is committed to representing the Nigerian perspective within national, regional and global energy debates. The committee includes a variety of members to ensure that the diverse energy interests of Nigeria are appropriately represented. Members of the committee are invited to attend high-level events, participate in energy-focused study groups, contribute to technical research and be a part of the global energy dialogue.
Energy in Nigeria
The post Covid-19 era will surely serve as an indicator for determining the reality in making progress on the issues raised in the 2021 Issues Monitor. Energy leaders identified three top critical uncertainty issues keeping them awake at night: energy access, renewable energies and energy efficiency. Topping the list of action priorities were land and water availability, trade and investment policies, energy efficiency and renewable energies.
Comparing the 2020 and 2021 Issues Monitor results, renewable energies and energy efficiency have moved from uncertainty to need for action. This is because over the years, successive administrations have invested significant effort and resources to close the gap between electricity supply and demand in the country, in line with the projections of the Energy Commission of Nigeria. However, much attention was focused predominantly on capital investments at the supply side, with little consideration on the demand side management with energy efficiency and conservation. On the energy transition front, the government has, in recent times, shifted by incorporating renewable energy in the nation’s energy mix. This was the reason for land and water as well as investment policies moving to action priorities as the government appears committed to tapping the nation’s renewable energy endowments in expanding electricity supply.
Nigeria has seen an improvement in per capita income, but an estimated 40% of the population still lacks access to electricity. The installed generation capacity is more than 12GW but due to the problems of inadequate gas supplies and the condition of some generating plants, the available electricity is about 5 GW, resulting in massive load-shedding throughout the country.
The government has adopted policies covering a range of renewable options and a more flexible market design. It plans to expand electricity supply with green mini grids. Financial support from development banks is being deployed for strengthening and expanding the national grid. The government recently developed the Energising Education Programme and Energising Markets Initiative, which will focus on powered off grid plants, mostly solar photovoltaics.
An adequate supply of energy is largely considered the spine of sustainable growth of any country. In lieu of this, the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) Initiative launched in 2011 by the United Nations is facilitating policies and procedures for realising energy access throughout the world. In response to these calls, Nigeria is currently more serious in implementing SE4All policies and procedures for sustainable energy development and is providing energy to remote areas with mini grid solar power plants. On the transportation front, the government plans to grant licences for modular refineries to all groups that qualify. This is in a move to significantly reduce the importation of processed petroleum products into the country. The government is also planning to introduce electric vehicles to the country to reduce emissions and diversify transport fuels.
Energy efficiency is seen as the most impactful aspect of the action priorities quadrant as, together with energy conservation, it is regarded as the cheapest and fastest form of ‘generation’ and one of the main drivers of sustainable development in modern energy-based economies. The Nigerian government has noted that the efficient use of energy will enhance the sustainable use of natural resources and, in turn, contribute to the country’s national growth and sustainable development. In this regard, the government has approved several energy efficiency policy documents.