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Poland Member Committee

Polski Komitet Światowej Rady Energetycznej

The Polish Member Committee of the World Energy Council has been active since the creation of the Council in 1924, with the only break occurring during the Second World War. In the post-war period until 1997 the Polish Committee was functioning within the the energy ministry and was supervised by the energy ministers. In 1997 the Polish Committee of the World Energy Council was transformed into the self-governing association. The objective of the Polish MC WEC activity is to support the development and sustainable exploitation of national energy resources as well as to represent Polish energy sector in the World Energy Council and to promote its achievements at the World Energy Council forum.

Graduated from the Faculty of Law and Administration and the Post-graduate Intellectual Property Law Studies at the University of Warsaw. In 2005, completed barrister training at Warsaw Bar Chamber. Worked at law firms until 2015. Collaborated with Ernst & Young Sp. z o.o. in 2000-2003. Expert at the Jagiellonian Institute in 2011-2012. President of the Security-Development-Energy Initiatives Foundation since 2014. Lecturer to post-graduate students at Collegium Civitas, Warsaw University of Technology and Helena Chodkowska University of Technology and Economics. Specialised primarily in energy law and European competition law.

Ada graduated from the Department of Law at the University of Warmia and Mazu¬ry in Olsztyn, she also holds the M.A. title in International Relations, specialisation: European Policy. In addition she completed post-graduate studies on Union Funds Management at the Department of Economy. She joined the Glaubicz Garwolińska Consultants team in January 2008. Since January 2010 she has been holding the position of the Account Director and su¬pervising the Change Management Department. Apart from that, she is also the vice-president of GGC, in charge of operational matters. She is responsible for the ongoing functioning of the company and for customer relations management. She runs crisis management projects, develops and implements strategies of communication with local communities, works on internal communication and corporate PR projects. In the past she gathered experience in a legal office and enriched her portfolio as the coordinator of the 3rd Reunion of the Polish Diaspora and Poles from Abroad; that event gave her the oppor¬tunity to cooperate with organisations from more than 60 countries in the world. Since the year 2004 she has been involved in projects related to the renewable energy sources and obtaining funds for RES from the European Union.

Recently she has provided advisory services in the field of developing and implementing com-prehensive communication strategies and corporate PR, She conducts crisis management projects in the power industry, logistics and pharmaceutical branches.

Energy in Poland

poland, critical uncertainties, action priorities

Uncertainties around Macroeconomic and Geopolitical issues. Overall, issues are perceived with a higher level of uncertainty. The Action Priorities section focuses on electricity prices and the cost of adapting to a new Market Design, LNG supplies and Economic Growth.

Russia continues to be seen with high uncertainty as Poland seeks to ease reliance on Russia as its main source of oil and gas imports. Poland wants to further develop the exploitation of its natural resources and find alternative suppliers of oil and gas. State gas company PGNiG has confirmed its intention not to extend a gas contract with Russia’s Gazprom from 2022, when the Baltic Pipe Project to transport North Sea gas to Poland is due to be completed. PGNiG has signed agreements to import US LNG as part of this strategy.

Coal moves into the Critical Uncertainties zone from its previous position as an Action Priority. Poland relies on coal for up to 80% of its electricity generation. However, its long-term plans see less reliance on coal and a higher share of renewable energy. The country has set an objective for renewables – mostly wind and solar PV – to make up 20% of the energy mix by 2030.

Climate Framework also emerges as a Critical Uncertainty in this year’s survey. This ties in to the prevalence of coal in the energy mix and the challenges for the country to align with the EU net zero emissions target. The country is currently focusing on a diversification strategy by securing additional natural gas and introducing energy efficiency measures. It is also considering nuclear power options. It is targeting a CO2 emissions reduction of 30% by 2030 from 1990 levels.

Electricity Prices are perceived with reduced uncertainty and become an Action Priority, as Poland diversifies its energy mix. A higher level of natural gas imports, increased deployment of renewable energy and the introduction of nuclear power in coming decades will have an impact on the levelized cost of electricity. Electricity prices for households are regulated by tariffs. However, wholesale prices have increased. The Polish Government has adopted a policy to increase the share of renewable energy sources, which may decrease the marginal cost of production.

LNG is perceived with increased impact, becoming an Action Priority. Diversification of gas supply sources is a key priority for Poland. In addition to signing agreements for new LNG supplies from the US, the country is also working to expand capacity at its LNG receiving terminal. PGNiG is hoping to produce more natural gas domestically and has increased its overseas activities through upstream oil and gas investments.

Economic Growth is perceived as an Action Priority. Poland’s need to offset emissions from its coal-based energy system comes at a cost, in the form of emissions allowances purchase in compliance with EU directives. The draft National Energy Plan 2021-2030 sets investment needs at an annual 3% of GDP for the modernisation of the energy sector. A final plan would cover investment needs for energy efficiency and other carbon mitigation measures. In this time horizon, further GDP growth can be expected.

Polish energy authorities are aware of necessity to gradually reduce the share of CO2 emissions in the country’s energy mix. At the same time, they are taking measures to guarantee security of supply during this transition while also enhancing the diversification of the country’s fuel supplies.

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