The World Energy Council has been producing the Survey of Energy Resources, a unique and authoritative reference publication on global energy resources, since 1934. This is the 20th edition of the triennial Survey.

Access to energy is fundamental to our civilisation, and economic and social development is fuelling a growing demand for reliable, affordable and clean energy. Moreover, nearly 1.6 billion people, or roughly a quarter of the world’s population, today lack access to modern energy services.