Natural gas is a mixture of hydrocarbons, and often contains a small amount of non-hydrocarbons. It can exist either as a gas or in solution with crude oil, where producers can then separate the two in the production process.

Natural gas is the cleanest and most efficient of the fossil fuels. It is the only fossil fuel whose share of the primary energy mix is expected to grow, as it has the potential to play an important role in the world’s transition to a cleaner, more affordable and secure energy future.

Proved natural gas reserves were estimated in 2014 to be around 187.1 trillion cubic metres (tcm), a 19.5% increase over 2004 levels. A majority of these proved reserves are in the Middle East and Russia, with 80 tcm and 32.6 tcm of proved natural gas reserves respectively.

Natural gas production reached 3538.6 bcm in 2015, a 2.2% increase over 2014 production levels. The largest producers of natural gas globally are the United States (767.3bcm), Russia (573.3 bcm) Iran, Qatar and Canada.

Natural gas data is sourced from BP Statistical Review 2016 (data from end-2015) and BGR, 2015, Energy study: reserves, resources and availability of energy resources (data from end-2014), and includes per selected countries production in billion cubic metres per year (bcm), proved recoverable reserves in bcm and consumption in bcm per year.

All data represented in the graphs and charts on this website represents natural gas data only.

Global Gas Recoverable Reserves

Recoverable172thousand Mtoe

Gas Recoverable Reserves by region

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Top Gas producing countries

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Gas Recoverable Reserves by region

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Note

Gas data represents natural gas only, for unconventional gas please refer country notes within the WER 2013 report gas chapter.