Energy Leader’s gathering in Brazil for a summit organised by the energy leaders’ network, the World Energy Council (WEC), will hear that the outlook for the sustainable supply and use of energy has become more uncertain in 2011. This comes in the context of the significant events and economic uncertainty that have affected the energy sector over the past 2 years.
The key messages are drawn from the World Energy Council’s "2011 Global Energy Issues Survey", which will be launched at WEC’s World Energy Leaders’ Summit being held in Rio de Janeiro on Wednesday, September 14th, 2011. The summit brings together the world’s leading energy figures under the theme of "2011, a Year of Change for the Energy Industry?"
Christoph Frei, Secretary General of the World Energy Council said: "This survey highlights the issues that are keeping energy leaders awake at night. The uncertainty around a long term climate framework will simply lead to wrong investment decisions. The developments in the Middle East and North Africa region and the tragedy at Fukushima have further added to the pressure to adapt and represent a significant set-back in solving the global energy challenges."
Looking to the future Pierre Gadonneix, Chairman of the World Energy Council said: "It is in the nature of the energy sector to be able to cope with new uncertainties each year. Therefore we must now make all our efforts to build a world energy system resilient to all changes and accidents. The only energy system that is capable of resilience is the one that allows economic development for all in a way that is environmentally and socially acceptable and sustainable. And we must come together now to achieve this goal.
To create such a system we must give investors the long term signals to invest now in diversified forms of energy, in infrastructures, in energy efficiency and in R&D to prepare for the future."
For the 3rd consecutive year, the 2011 Global Energy Issues Survey has gathered the views of WEC’s energy leadership community, which is drawn from energy leaders in over 90 countries, to identify the key drivers in the Global Energy Agenda. The survey provides an insight into the critical uncertainties affecting the energy sector, identifying key trends and highlighting the areas where action is required to ensure the sustainable supply and use of energy for the greatest benefit of all.
In 2011, the critical uncertainties space is dominated by three major macroeconomic and geopolitical issues:
The absence of a global climate framework and the lack of progress towards a significant agreement between the big blocks is keeping this issue as the dominant critical uncertainty
The "political spring" in the Middle East / North Africa region with its impact on Libyan oil supply has affected energy markets globally and increased concerns over political instability
Fukushima has pushed the nuclear renaissance from consensus into a much more uncertain position
In comparison to 2009, macroeconomic risks related to the financial / economic crisis have lost their dominance as a key concern for the energy sector.
However, the crisis is still looming and issues including energy price volatility, commodity prices and capital market access remain in an alert position, similar to 2010.
Looking at the potential energy solutions that require immediate action (shown in green above) three topics are on top of the agenda:
Renewable Energies which remain a priority despite investors’ prudence in a current economic climate
Energy Efficiency which will require investment in capital, education and institutional frameworks to promote adequate behaviour and solutions
The quartet of Smart Grid, Storage, Electric Vehicles and Sustainable Cities has been increasing in influence since 2009 and these are now in a solid position to play a significant role in energy developments
Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS), with higher perceived impact the uncertainty has decreased. However, without a clear climate framework, CCS remains in a challenging position due to a lack of effective financing mechanisms and incentives to develop this technology beyond pilot.
Hydrogen is not currently seen as playing a big role as a clean energy vector while the energy-water nexus is seen as rapidly growing in concern.
Christoph Frei says: "It strikes that the very issues that in previous years were seen as a substantial part of the solution are all taxed with higher uncertainties.
"The risks associated with these issues, ranging from physical accidents over regulatory uncertainties to financial risks, have increased and managing them will be an important part of the agenda going forward."
The findings from the survey also show that Latin American countries see a greater role for Electric Vehicles and Biofuels in meeting our energy needs.